Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling (TPRS) consists of three basic steps:

1. Introducing key vocabulary, usually two or three words, that can be used together in a story.

2. Students then act out stories as the teacher tells (or, more accurately, "asks") about a story that uses the vocabulary words.

3. The oral story is then followed up with reading (or for the younger students by songs and games).

By using TPRS students rapidly learn a second language effortlessly and involuntarily because it is fun, and comprehensible.


TPRS was developed in the 1990s by a man named Blaine Ray. The Denver Public Schools renamed the methodology Teaching with Comprehensible Input (TCI) in 2009. Both terms can be used interchangeably.






Here is a link to an article reviewing research comparing traditional methodology classrooms to TPRS classrooms:
http://www.tprstories.com/ijflt/IJFLTSummer-09.pdf